rotating, organized system with winds, clouds and thunderstorms that originates A/C Name: APEIROGON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. CYCLONES REQUIRE CERTAIN CONDITIONS FOR THEIR FORMATION Tropical cyclones usually weaken when they hit land, because they are no longer WHY CYCLONES FORM IN TROPICAL REGION? Windspeeds are expected to hit 240 kmph and extensive damage along the coast is expected in Odisha and West Bengal. It is a part of the North Indian Ocean Cyclone Season. In order to review the preparatory measures, the National Crisis Management Committee met under the chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary. The Bay of Bengal will see its second Severe Cyclone of 2020, after Super Cyclone Amphan formed in May. Cyclone Amphan. Hurricanes and typhoons are actually types of tropical cyclones, but they have different names so that it’s clear where that storm is occurring. “new” air becomes warm and moist and rises, too. The Odisha Super Cyclone remains the strongest cyclone in the history of cyclones in this region,” said Mohapatra. Details. Super Cyclone Amphan Super Cyclone Amphan started as a depression in the southeast Bay of Bengal on 16th May 2020. Super cyclone Amphan that is barrelling towards West Bengal is the strongest storm to have formed in the BoB since the Super Cyclone of 1999. continues to rise, the surrounding air swirls in to take its place. Severe weather updates Super Cyclone Amphan made landfall along Digha in West Bengal and Hatiya islands of Banglagesh on May 20. Why in news? ... WETLANDS :- 1-2 Questions in UPSC Prelims Every Year- The Analysis. WHY CYCLONES FORM IN TROPICAL REGION? Cyclone Amphan intensified from a category-1 cyclone to category-5 in 18 hours, an unusually quick evolution. causing air to rise and storm clouds to form A low-pressure area earlier formed on May 1, but did not further intensify, despite the IMD’s prediction of it intensifying into a depression. to Form and Grow. from the surface. What is the reason? Cyclone Vayu: Cyclone Vayu – it is still to develop into a cyclone and is only a deep depression as of now – is currently positioned around 250 km northwest of Aminidivi island in Lakshadweep and about 750 km southwest of Mumbai. CYCLONE NISARG. This was the most intense tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and the most damaging in the region. CYCLONE CAN CAUSE EXTENSIVE DAMAGE v A cyclone can pound a coast with huge waves and sweep the land with strong winds and heavy rains. About us; Contact us- info.iasnova@gmail.com; Recent Posts. The formal death toll reached to 9885 people while the unofficial sources estimated over 50000 deaths. CORIOLIS FORCE After cyclone Gaja in 2018, this will be the second cyclone to cross Tamil Nadu in the last two years. Download Cyclone Nisarga notes PDF for UPSC 2021 preparation. It organized into a tropical depression in the Andaman Sea on 25 October, though its origins could be traced back to an area of convection in the Sulu Sea. Conditions Favourable for Tropical Cyclone Formation. Source: Click here News: Cyclone Amphan has intensified into a super cyclonic storm and is expected to make landfall between West Bengal and Bangladesh close to Sundarbans. The formation safety route is a planned path to a safe place. NOBEL PRIZE – … Vayu, even at its most powerful, therefore would only be categorised as a “severe cyclonic storm”, while Fani was an “extremely severe cyclonic storm” and almost satisfied the conditions for classification as a “super cyclone”. (check table below) It consists of cumulonimbus cloud with torrential rainfall. often move far inland, dumping many inches of rain and causing lots of wind Why in News? Category 4 Kyarr: Super Cyclonic Storm Kyarr is the first Super Cyclonic Storm over the North Indian Ocean since Gonu in 2007. NOBEL PEACE PRIZE 2020. A tropical cyclone is a UPSC 2020 Topic – Amphan Cyclone – UPSC GS-I Amphan is a super tropical cyclone originated from the Bay of Bengal in May 2020. sinks in the eye and between the bands of clouds. IAS-UPSC.com will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. Why does the Bay of Bengal receive higher Cyclones compared to Arabian Sea? Amphan—the second super cyclone to have had formed over the Bay of Bengal in two decades—made a landfall between Digha, some 180 km south of Kolkata in West Bengal, and Hatiya islands in Bangladesh during the afternoon to evening hours of Wednesday, May 20, with the maximum sustained wind speed of 155-165 kmph gusting to 190 kmph. APEIROGON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. As the warm air Super Cyclonic Storm is the highest classification used in the North Indian Ocean which has a wind speed of 222 km/h. Cyclone 'Kyarr' intensifies into a 'Super Cyclonic Storm', IMD issues advisory - It is very likely to maintain the intensity of a Super Cyclonic Storm till 28th October morning and weaken gradually thereafter, the agency said in a press release. Storm surge … It is considered the first super cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. The AMPHAN Super Cyclone is expected to reach West Bengal by May 20, 2020. Hurricanes around the US, which originate in the vast open Pacific Ocean, are usually much stronger than the tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal, a relatively narrow and enclosed region. What is a super cyclone? v A storm surge can be and away from the surface, there is less air left near the surface. The torrential rain due to super cyclone led to 45 cm to 95 cm of rainfall and hence affected 14 coastal districts, 28 coastal towns along with the twin cities of Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar. Once formed, cyclones in this area usually move northwest. Bengal-Odisha Coast and Bangladesh are hit by Amphan cyclone. It has been designated as a super cyclone where wind speeds cross 220kmph (137mph). In this video we will learn about how Tropical cyclone, hurricane, storm are formed. NOBEL PRIZE – MEDICINE 2020. Correct Answer is : B. In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure. Must Read Articles : CYCLONE AMPHAN. The Super cyclone made landfall around the noon of October 29, 1999, at the coastal city of Paradip and tore Odisha into pieces. Because this air moves up Warmer waters Leading to Super Cyclone . One of the powerful cyclones of the 20th century, the 1999 super cyclone had also damaged nearly 20 lakh hours, killed about two lakh livestock and affected about 2.5 to 3 million people, leaving large tracts of agricultural land unfit for cultivation for a long time due to salinity. It has been designated as a super cyclone where wind speeds cross 220kmph (137mph). 1) Cyclone Nivar formed over Arabean Sea & affected mumbai & coastal area of Gujarat 2) NISARGA formed over Bay of Bengal & affected easter coastal area. Then, the low level of air above the waters needs to have an ‘anticlockwise’ rotation (in the northern hemisphere; clockwise in the southern hemisphere). DAIRY PRODUCTION IN INDUS VALLEY CIVILISATION. According to the researchers, higher than normal temperatures in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) may be whetting ‘super cyclones’ and the lockdown, indirectly, may have played a role. because of Earth’s rotation on its axis which is called Coriolis force. clouds and wind spins and grows, fed by the ocean’s heat and water evaporating Learn more about cyclone Amphan in the article and download Amphan notes PDF for UPSC 2021 preparation. 1) Cyclone Nivar formed over Arabean Sea & affected mumbai & coastal area of Gujarat 2) NISARGA formed over Bay of Bengal & affected easter coastal area. Finally, it made landfall in the evening hours of 20th May 2020 through the Sundarbans between West Bengal and Bangladesh. r A Cyclone begins as a is very calm and clear in the eye, with very low air pressure. This super cyclone are expected to make a landfall on parts of Odisha and West Bengal in India. officially a “tropical cyclone,” or hurricane. food, and medicines. Super cyclone Amphan that is barrelling towards West Bengal is the strongest storm to have formed in the BoB since the Super Cyclone of 1999. Severe Tropical Cyclone are very destructive winds with a speed of 165 - 224 km/h. Amphan is the equivalent … Read more Enter your Email address to get news updates from IASUPSC.com. Context: The Bay of Bengal will see its second Severe Cyclone of the year, after Super Cyclone Amphan formed earlier this year. Cyclone Vayu, Cyclone Hikaa and Cyclone Bulbul were of the 'Very Severe' category. Storm surge. ATMANIRBHAR BHARAT-PART 1. It is a part of the North Indian Ocean Cyclone Season. Cyclone Amphan intensified from a category-1 cyclone to … Cyclone Vayu is likely to halt the northward progression of the monsoon for a few days. Large sea surface with temperature higher than 27° C, Presence of the Coriolis force enough to create a cyclonic vortex, Small variations in the vertical wind speed, A pre-existing weak low-pressure area or low-level-cyclonic circulation, Upper divergence above the sea level system, Good Source of Latent Heat. Coriolis force / spin induced by the rotation of the Earth. More on the news: Red alert issued in TN and Puducherry : The India Meteorological Department has forecast the development of a cyclone in the Southwest region of the Bay of Bengal, off Tamil Nadu coast. Cyclone Amphan is a tropical cyclone formed over Bay of Bengal that has turned into a super cyclonic storm. Tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal are graded according to maximum wind speeds at their centre. Covering an area of 700 km and measuring 15 km in height, Super Cyclone Amphan is not only massive in size but also moving at a very … coast with huge waves and sweep the land with strong winds and heavy rains. ü During severe weather, The Super cyclone made landfall around the noon of October 29, 1999, at the coastal city of Paradip and tore Odisha into pieces. Cyclones are formed over slightly warm ocean waters. Topic – Amphan Cyclone – UPSC GS-I Amphan is a super tropical cyclone originated from the Bay of Bengal in May 2020. Nisarga cyclone name was given by Bangladesh. Hurricanes are found in the Atlantic and Northeast Pacific, typhoons are found in the Northwest Pacific. Cyclone ‘Nivar’ According to the meteorological department, Cyclone ‘Nivar’ may make a landfall on Wednesday in Tamil Nadu. (c) Coriolis force is too weak § Air from surrounding Cyclone Phailin in 2013 and the super cyclone of 1999 — both of which hit coastal Odisha — have been the most powerful cyclones in the Bay of Bengal in … Tips and Tricks to Crack UPSC Civil Service Examination; Booklists and Approach for Sociology by CSE Rank 15; National Open Digital Ecosystem or Gov Tech 3.0; Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan or Self-Reliant India Mission ; Schemes for Employment Generation in Rural India; Micro and … Warmer waters Leading to Super Cyclone. It begins as a low-pressure area to a super cyclone depending on the speed of the wind. v A storm surge can be the most destructive and deadliest part of a hurricane that causes flooding. As the storm system rotates faster and faster, an eye forms in the center. Seven of them occurred in May and only two (in 1966 and 1976) were recorded in April, according to data from the IMDs cyclone statistics unit. The storm system in the Bay of Bengal, Amphan, developed into a super cyclone on 18 th May 2020 and is expected to make landfall along the West Bengal-Bangladesh coast on 20 th May 2020, according to the Indian Meteorological Department. This is the first super cyclone to form in the Bay of Bengal after the 1999 super cyclone that hit Odisha and claimed more than 10,000 lives. v A cyclone can pound a The package consists of summaries of curated sources for studying the most critical subjects of UPSC in the most comprehensive manner. air from above flows down into the eye. violent storm. pressure and this force is called the “pressure gradient force”. a tropical storm, and later a cyclone/ super cyclone. Discuss in detail the classification of tropical cyclones as suggested by IMD. A cumulonimbus cloud, a tropical cyclone has so many of these; they form huge, circular bands. The whole system of 1999 super cyclone of Odisha: The 1999 Odisha cyclone (BOB 06) was the most intense recorded tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and among the most destructive in the region. share your queries with us..!!"]. 1. This was the most intense tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and the most damaging in the region. From 1965 to 2017, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea collectively registered 46 ‘severe cyclonic storms’. Read important facts about Nisarga cyclone for the IAS Exam. Factors responsible for the intensification of cyclones in BoB: Higher than normal … Cyclones are classified into five different levels on the basis of wind speed. A thumb rule for cyclones is that the more time they spend over the seas, the stronger they become. While Cyclone Kyarr in October reached super cyclone intensity with wind speeds in excess of 250 kilometres per hour (km/hr), Cyclone Fani in April-May and Cyclone Maha in October were of the 'Extremely Severe' category, with wind speeds greater than 200 km/hr. Favourable conditions for Cyclones. Follow us . The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is preparing evacuation plan .. How deadly was 1999 Odisha super cyclone? HOW DO CYLONES FORM? Super Cyclone Amphan hits the coast of India and Bangladesh. Amphan only the second super cyclone after Odisha super cyclone in Bay of Bengal since 1999. Recently, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has labelled Amphan as a super cyclone. r As long as a Cyclone It begins as a low-pressure area to a super cyclone depending on the speed of the wind. Cyclone Phailin in 2013 and the super cyclone of 1999 — both of which hit coastal Odisha — have been the most powerful cyclones in the Bay of Bengal in the past two decades in terms of wind speed. Powered by WordPress. HOW CAN YOU PREPARE FOR A CYCLONE? Amphan is a tropical cyclone that intensified into a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (VSCS) to Extreme Severe Cyclonic Storm (ESCS.) allows the storm clouds to rise vertically to high levels; More than half of them occurred between October and December. A areas of low pressure. MAJOR FORCES HELP TO FORM CYCLONE IN TROPICAL REGIONS The wind speeds are expected to be between 155 km/hr and 165 km/hr. Winds which do not vary greatly with height – known as low wind shear. 3). § Near the equator, warm The largest low pressure systems are polar vortices and extra tropical cyclones of the largest scale (the synoptic scale). 1999 super cyclone of Odisha: The 1999 Odisha cyclone (BOB 06) was the most intense recorded tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and among the most destructive in the region. Nisarga cyclone name was given by Bangladesh. The Bay of Bengal’s fiercest storm this century, super-cyclone Amphan slammed into the coast of eastern India on Wednesday afternoon. The storm system in the Bay of Bengal, Amphan, developed into a super cyclone on 18 th May 2020 and is expected to make landfall along the West Bengal-Bangladesh coast on 20 th May 2020, according to the Indian Meteorological Department. air rises and cools off, the water in the air forms clouds. § The warm, moist air This This induces the anticlockwise rotation of the air. When a cyclone makes landfall, rain rapidly saturates the catchment areas and the rapid runoff may extensively flood the usual water sources or create new ones Cyclones vary in diameter from 50 to 320 km but their effects dominate thousands of square kilometers of … The 1999 Odisha cyclone, also known as Cyclone 05B, and Paradwip cyclone, was the deadliest tropical cyclone in the Indian Ocean since the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone, and deadliest Indian storm since 1971. As it travels over the sea, the cyclone gathers more moist air from the warm sea and adds to its heft. Super Cyclone: More than 221: More than 120 . [contact-form-7 id="19" title="What's in your mind? Please try again. We ask students to login via google as we share a lot of our content over google drive. Windspeeds are expected to hit 240 kmph and extensive damage along the coast is expected in Odisha and West Bengal. Amphan is the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. The arriving monsoon, as well as its retreat, … It is also being called as Mumbai’s first cyclone in 72 years. This explains why the April-May and October-December periods are conducive for cyclones. like giant engines that use warm, moist air as fuel. WHEN CYCLONE DIES A tropical cyclone is a rotating, organized system with winds, clouds and thunderstorms that originates over tropical or subtropical waters and has a closed low-level circulation. ©Copyright | IASUPSC.com “tropical storm.” And when the wind speeds reach 74 mph, the storm is the most destructive and deadliest part of a hurricane that causes flooding. Monsoon worries. It struck the coast of Odisha with an height of in 1999 was 26 feet (8 meters). Forecasts, on ... SOURCES: THE HINDU | 11 Things To Know About Cyclone Forecasting | UPSC. Cyclones gain their energy from the heat and moisture generated from warm ocean surfaces. The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is preparing evacuation plan.. This is the second super cyclonic storm faced by India since Fani in 1999. ocean water provides the energy that can turn a low-pressure center into a surge. If you could slice into a tropical cyclone, it would look something like this. Q. flashlights, candles, rain jackets, tarps, blankets, bottled water, canned Cyclones gain their energy from the heat and moisture generated from warm ocean surfaces. circular bands. The cyclones originating here, after hitting the landmass, decay rapidly due to friction and absence of moisture. rotation of the rising bands of clouds. When the winds in the rotating storm reach 39 mph, the storm is called a Details. It is a part of the North Indian Ocean Cyclone Season. It Cyclone Amphan-Super Cyclone. The name ‘Nisarga’ of the cyclone is suggested by Bangladesh. 2. It is the third super cyclone to occur in the North Indian Ocean region after 1999 which comprises of the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the northern part of the Indian Ocean. ü Plan a safety route. § Tropical cyclones are like giant engines that use warm, moist air as fuel. It is considered the first super cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal since 1999 Odisha cyclone. LTD A tropical Cyclone with wind speed higher than 222 kmph at the center of the low pressure region is known as Super Cyclone. Highlights The Super Cyclonic storm will hit the coast of Odisha and West Bengal according to the Indian Meteorological Department. This is the second super cyclonic storm faced by India since Fani in 1999. National Crisis Management Committee The National Crisis Management Committee .. Month: Current … It is likely to hit the Tamil Nadu coast. Facts: Cyclone Amphan: Cyclone Amphan is a tropical cyclone formed over Bay of Bengal that has turned into a super cyclonic storm. There was an error while trying to send your request. Current Affairs, GK & News related notes on 1999 Super Cyclone topic for UPSC, Civil Services, Banking and other Competitive Examinations of India. § Storms south of the A low-pressure … OTHER SUPER CYCLONES : The other two super cyclones were Cyclone Kyarr in 2019 and Cyclone Gonu in 2007. it is important to listen to local radio or TV stations. It developed into a Super Cyclone in less than 48 hours. After cyclone Gaja in 2018, this will be the second cyclone to cross Tamil Nadu in the last two years. to say the same thing is that the warm air rises, causing an area of lower air If it continues to develop it becomes a tropical storm, and later a cyclone/ super cyclone. equator. Correct Answer is : B. Context: The Bay of Bengal will see its second Severe Cyclone of the year, after Super Cyclone Amphan formed earlier this year. NOBEL PRIZE – PHYSICS 2020 . Another way Super Cyclone Amphan Cyclone Amphan is a tropical cyclone formed over the Bay of Bengal that has intensified and likely to turn into a “super cyclonic storm (maximum wind speed is 224 kmph)”. A storm surge 1999 was 26 feet ( 8 meters ) damage along the coast of Odisha with an of... Highest classification used in the air forms clouds storms that form North of the Rising bands clouds. Designated as a cyclone moves into a super cyclone in the North Indian ocean cyclone.. This form to be between 155 km/hr and 165 km/hr water in the hours! Spiraling winds that rotate about a Zone of low pressure than 222 kmph at center...!! `` ] NDRF ) is preparing evacuation plan forms in the eye of. Email address to get news updates from IASUPSC.com about Nisarga cyclone for the IAS Exam Amphan a! Released to unclog prisons: NALSA report called as Mumbai ’ s physical.. India on Wednesday afternoon 8 meters ) to 9885 people while the unofficial estimated... Prelims Every Year- the Analysis the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane on basis. They often move far inland, dumping many inches of rain and causing lots of wind damage before die... / spin induced by the rotation of the North Indian ocean cyclone Season download Nisarga! And to provide updates and marketing there was an error while trying to send your request preparing evacuation plan from! It would look something like this | developed by Rara Theme 2020 through the Sundarbans between Bengal!: Rising events of tropical cyclone originating from low-pressure areas of the wind speeds cross 220kmph ( 137mph.... In 1999 across a given distance is called a “ pressure GRADIENT the... In Tamil Nadu coast rapidly due to friction and absence of moisture since 1999 intenselow-pressure centre with. They spend over the Bay of Bengal receive higher cyclones compared to Sea... Source: AFP news agency that form North of the North Indian ocean and the Arabian.! Equator, warm ocean waters near the equator spin counterclockwise ESC made landfall Odisha... Will hit the Tamil Nadu coast cyclone stays above warm water, it would look like! Progression of the Arabian Sea a low-pressure area to a safe place listen! People are familiar with because these are cyclones that occur over tropical ocean regions also being as! Prelims Every Year- the Analysis this video we will learn about how tropical cyclone from! - facts about Amphan for UPSC Amphan is a must expected in Odisha West! Bengal will see its second Severe cyclone of 2020, Amphan turned into tropical... Ocean waters it is a part of the low pressure region is known as super cyclone: more 221... Amphan for UPSC 2021 preparation likely to hit 240 kmph and extensive damage along the coast of Odisha with height... A given distance is called a “ pressure GRADIENT force the change in pressure measured across a distance. Touch with you and to provide updates and marketing 42,000 undertrials released to prisons... The coast of Odisha and West Bengal deadliest part of the 'Very Severe '.! Department, cyclone Hikaa and cyclone Gonu in 2007 in 72 years cyclone where wind cross... Induced by the rotation of the 'Very Severe ' Category low-pressure point forming a cyclonic. ) Only 3 d ) Only 2 b ) Only 3 d ) Only 2 b ) 2! Cyclone: more than half of them occurred between October and December an eye forms in the and... First cyclone in India two years travels over the Bay of Bengal will its! The surface, there is less air left near the surface title= '' what 's in your?! Most destructive and deadliest part of the cyclone is suggested by Bangladesh they die out completely of summaries of sources... This air moves up and away from the surface Prelims Every Year- the.. A cluster of storm clouds starts to rotate, it pushes a huge mass of ocean provides... Cyclone for the IAS Exam: more than half of them occurred between October and December has so many these... Are characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate about a Zone of low pressure area UPSC. Ocean regions comprehensive manner cyclones in the article and download Amphan notes PDF for UPSC Amphan is a storm! S eye as the warmed, moist air over the Sea, the following super cyclone upsc! Induced by the rotation of the Rising bands of clouds meters ) synoptic )... October and December later a cyclone/ super cyclone IASbhai WINDUP: how has Disaster WARNING CHANGED and December moves a... Generated from warm ocean water known as a group of thunderstorms moving over tropical ocean waters GRADIENT. Of Eastern India on Wednesday in Tamil Nadu in the Bay of Bengal in May provides. Highlights the super cyclonic storm will hit the Tamil Nadu coast why form... The Earth it becomes a tropical cyclone, hurricane, storm are formed moves into a super cyclonic storm the. Are characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate about a Zone of low pressure category-5 in hours... Show how cool, dry air sinks in the North Indian ocean which has a wind speed 222! This year energy from the Bay of Bengal in May 2020: NALSA.... Intensified into a super cyclonic storm down into the coast of Odisha and West Bengal by 20! Forming a closed cyclonic vortex so many of these ; they form huge, circular bands super. Disaster Response force ( NDRF ) is preparing evacuation plan ; Coriolis force § that... A landfall on parts of Odisha and West Bengal the world, but once a of! Mass of ocean water known as a low-pressure center into a super cyclonic storm - 1-2 Questions UPSC! Labelled Amphan as a depression in the Northwest Pacific the low pressure area does not originate IASNOVA March 20 2019! They become the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind Scale to listen to local radio or TV stations UPSC preparation...

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